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Can you imagine what it was like to get a cavity before the age of modern medicine? The stories about those days sound as if practitioners of dentistry at that time worked in a dark dungeon with medieval implements. Thank goodness we live in the 21st century where advancements in technology and medicine have aided our dental professionals to provide happier healthcare.

Prior to the mid-1800s, there were few options to make patients comfortable before a dental procedure besides rendering them insensate or outright unconscious via alcohol or a dangerous gas. Today, we not only have negated discomfort in the dental chair but we have multiple options for relief to choose from.

A huge leap forward was made when the hollow needle and syringe was first invented and used in 1853. This allowed for advancement in local anesthetics to deliver medicine directly to the affected area. From that time forward, local anesthetic have been used, and can even be combined with nitrous oxide to provide relief from any and all discomfort.

These are the most common local anesthetics used today:

Novocaine: The oldest known of the local anesthetics still in use today, Novocaine was first discovered and used in 1904. It is also known by the name Procaine.

Articaine: When some patients began having allergic reactions to Novocaine, this local anesthetic was developed to become a reliable alternative. It’s a long-lasting, dependable drug that has a lengthy history of helpfulness.

Lidocaine: This one is considered that dentist’s “gold standard” of local anesthesia. With few people ever complaining of adverse reactions, it is the most widely-used injectable.

If you’d like more information on dental anesthesia, feel free to call Dr. Randal Brown and our team at Randal Brown. You can make an appointment at: 717-687-9366, or come by our office in Strasburg, Pennsylvania.